Foreword: I once saw a video in the WeChat group of the forklift industry: a forklift used a raised fork to fork another forklift, and the forklift working on the fork fell directly to the ground from above. , Which shocked us, but also let us reflect on whether it is insufficient safety awareness or insufficient understanding of telescopic forklift trucks. Safe operation is not a job that involves one person and one person overnight. It is still necessary to continuously enhance the safety awareness of forklift operators. However, because of this animation, I try to pass the relevant information about telehandlers that I have learned through Chinaforklift.com. The platform is shared with everyone. I hope that when there is a demand for this kind of operation, this kind of risky operation will no longer occur. At the same time, I also hope to get the guidance of industry professionals to let us know more about the telescopic forklift. Busy at both ends, telescopic loaders, underground loaders
1. The definition of telescopic forklift truck
Telescopic forklift trucks are forklifts equipped with a telescopic boom, whose forks or attachments are usually installed on the boom, which can carry out lifting or forklifting of goods.
Telescopic forklifts are an important category of aerial work equipment. As a continuation of traditional forklifts, telescopic forklifts have been developed continuously. They combine the telescopic structure of truck cranes with the forklift functions of traditional forklifts. The loader moves quickly. The functions of loading and unloading and shovel-loading materials are organically combined, making full use of the features of the telescopic boom structure to extend higher and farther, and cooperate with various attachments to expand the operating function and scope of operation, and improve the adaptability to the operating site. sex.
The forks of the telescopic forklift can cross obstacles, pass through orifices, etc. for fork loading operations, and can stack and unstack multiple rows of goods under complex working conditions. Telescopic forklifts have a good front view and have low requirements on the clearance height of the passage. They are usually classified as cross-country forklifts.
Second, the characteristics of telescopic forklift trucks
The birth of the telescopic forklift mainly solved the technical problem of automatic fork leveling. Traditional forklifts rely on vertical mast lifting to adjust the operating height. During the lifting process, the fork plane remains horizontal and does not change. The telescopic arm forklift truck changes the height of the fork by adjusting the angle of the telescopic arm, and the plane angle of the fork changes with the change of the angle of the telescopic arm.
The features of telescopic handlers are:
flexibility. The telescopic forklift adopts four-wheel drive type, has three steering modes (front-wheel steering, four-wheel steering, diagonal walking), two-speed gearbox, small turning radius, and can work flexibly, quickly and accurately in small spaces .
Versatility. The telescopic forklift has a wide range of uses and can work continuously for a long time. There are a series of quick-change attachments to choose from, including forks, buckets, truss arms, vertical masts, etc. No need to purchase other models, just add a few available accessories to the machine, you can improve the production capacity, flexibility and work efficiency of the forklift truck.
Stability and safety. The telescopic forklift truck has a long wheelbase, low center of gravity, stable legs can be installed in the front of the frame, and the boom has the function of extending and lowering automatic locking. The engine is placed in the longitudinal center of the frame to keep it stable on hillsides and rugged terrain. ; Even weight distribution, four-wheel drive, improved mobility on muddy ground, rocky terrain, sand and snow; wide field of vision.
Third, the application of telescopic forklift trucks
Telescopic forklift trucks can use a variety of attachments to effectively complete a variety of different tasks, and truly become a multi-functional construction machinery. It is widely used in agriculture and animal husbandry, logistics industry, terminal operations, aerial operations, trailer transportation, urban infrastructure, industrial and mining enterprise warehouses and other construction sites for lifting, transporting, stacking bricks, wood, steel and other materials, becoming modern industry and construction The ideal efficient loading and unloading tool for industry and agriculture. With the development of economic construction, the demand for it is increasing, and the requirements for its performance are also getting higher and higher.
Fourth, the history of foreign telehandlers
The history of foreign telehandlers began with the JCB520 telehandler developed by JCB in 1977. This is a new design and operation that leads the development of the industry and subverts the existing concept of the industry. Later, the Manitou Group of France and the Merlo forklift company of Italy put their own telescopic forklift trucks on the market in 1981. The following is a breakdown of the history of foreign telehandler manufacturers. From their history, you can learn about the history of foreign telehandlers.
JCB Telescopic Forklift Truck
1. British JCB Construction Machinery Company
JCB is one of the world's five largest construction machinery and agricultural manufacturing companies, a major European construction machinery manufacturer, and a large family-owned company in the UK. The founder is JOSEPHCYRIL BAMFORD (Joseph Cyril Bamford), Mr. JCB-the inventor of the backhoe loader.
Starting with an agricultural dump trailer manufactured in a simple warehouse in 1945, JCB has now become a world-renowned machinery manufacturer. JCB continues to inspire itself to move forward and do well.
In 1977, the JCB520 telescopic forklift truck represented a new design and operation concept leading the development of the industry, and once again subverted the existing concept of the industry. In the 1980s, in addition to the JCB backhoe loader, there was another product that achieved great success, that is, the JCBLoadall telescopic forklift, which sold 1,000 units in 1981 alone. In 2012, British Prime Minister Cameron witnessed the opening ceremony of the new factory in Sao Paulo, Brazil. This 350,000-square-foot factory mainly produces backhoe loaders, crawler excavators, wheel loaders, telescopic forklifts and road rollers, etc., and provides equipment for the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games new venues. In 2016, JCB released the JCBAGRIPro telescopic forklift. This series integrates the advantages of hydrostatic and power shift transmission technology. The high efficiency of the drive is perfectly combined. In the same year, JCB held the off-line ceremony of the 200,000th telehandler. In 2017, JCB will hold a series of major events to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the invention of the telehandler.
JCB China was established in August 2004 and built a Chinese factory with an investment of US$24.7 million in Pudong, Shanghai in 2006. It introduced internationally advanced technology to manufacture famous JCB products in China.
JCB's Chinese factory is located in Shanghai. As one of JCB's 22 factories in the world, it has advanced facilities and is equipped with R&D center, production workshop, sales and service center, technical training base, parts center and demonstration base in Greater China. This local production base ensures that we manufacture specialized products and provide comprehensive services for the needs of the Chinese market.
Manitou standard telescopic handler MT-X 1440
2. France Manitou Group
In 1958, a global off-road forklift (MC5) invented by Marcel Braud was born, and the Manitou trademark was created and registered. In 1972, Manitou signed a business partnership agreement with Toyota to distribute Toyota industrial forklifts in France. Afterwards, the internationalization of Manitou Group began, with subsidiaries in the United Kingdom, Italy, Portugal, Germany, Australia, Russia, and Poland set up, factories in Brazil, and Manitou Equipment India also opened one after another. Manitou launched a four-wheel drive telescopic handler on the market in 1981, and in 1989 the first batch of agricultural telescopic handlers was put on the market. In 1993, the first batch of Manitou rotary telescopic forklift MRT series was put on the market. By 2004, Manitou had produced and sold 200,000 forklifts worldwide, and the industrial forklift series was put on the market in the same year. In 2008, it acquired Gehl Corporation of the United States, and celebrated the sales of 500,000 equipment in 2015. In 2016, the new agricultural telehandler series MLTNewAg was released.
Manitou Telescopic Handler
Manitou entered China in 2004 and established Manitou (China) Material Handling Equipment Co., Ltd. The company is located in Shanghai. It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the French Manitou Group in China and the official representative of Manitou in China. . Mainly responsible for the sales, after-sales, training and product display of the group's brand (MANITOU/GEHL/MUSTANG) products in China and other surrounding areas.
Merlo telescopic handler
3. Italy Merlo (Merlo) Forklift Truck Company
Merlo Group is one of the world leaders in the design and manufacture of telescopic booms. It is a best-selling brand in many countries, including Italy, Germany, Austria, Sweden, Norway, Russia and New Zealand. Merlo telescopic forklift trucks are widely used in agriculture and construction. , Industry and other fields.
Merlo was founded in 1964 by brothers and sisters Amilcare and Natalina Merlo. It is a small-scale craft shop engaged in ironmaking in northern Italy. In 1970, it entered the construction machinery market and produced a cross-country forklift.
In 1981, its telescopic arm SM30 rolled off the assembly line. In 1987, a telescopic arm with a low articulated cantilever at the tail of the side-load engine and base was rolled off the assembly line. In 1991, its telescopic arm with a fast directional arm was rolled off the assembly line. The telescopic boom is off the assembly line. It is a vehicle that allows the operator to reach 360° without repositioning.
In 1993, its patented PANORAMIC system enabled a full view of the cab. In 1996, its telescopic arm specifically for agricultural use was rolled off the assembly line. In 1998, its ultra-concise telescopic arm PANORAMIC was used in various fields. P26 rolled off the assembly line. In 1999, its telescopic boom that could reach a height of more than 21 meters rolled off the assembly line. In 2000, its MULTIFARMER rolled off the assembly line. It is a truly revolutionary multi-purpose vehicle that can lift and move goods, tow trailers, All the typical functions of a service tractor. In 2002, its universal crawler vehicles rolled off the production line, which can be applied to different series of attachments. In 2003, its new product ROTO 40.25MCSS telescopic boom, which can reach a capacity of more than 25 meters with a capacity of 4000 kg, is a breakthrough. In 2004, it launched a telescopic boom suspension system. In 2005, it established a branch outside Europe in Australia. In 2007, it launched a new self-propelled lifting man and tool system.
Genie telescopic handler
3. Genie Company
Genie was founded in 1966 when it invented the mobile pneumatic Genie hoist. Since then, it has derived various other material elevators and a series of aerial work platforms to meet the needs of customers. These products have not only quickly won world recognition but also The design is constantly innovating.
In 1998, Genie established an office in Shanghai, China, and settled in China. In 2002, it was acquired by the world-renowned construction machinery company TEREX. Today, as a subsidiary of Terex, Genie is still at the forefront of product innovation and high quality. The customer-centric concept allows Gini to carry out production down-to-earth. At present, its products include mobile material lifts, self-propelled aerial work platforms, self-propelled telescopic forklifts, trailer-type crank-type aerial work platforms, self-propelled crank-type aerial work platforms, scissor-type aerial work platforms, and self-propelled straight-arm type Aerial work platforms and towed light towers, etc.
Terex telescopic handler
4. Terex (Terex) Company
In 1933, the Armington brothers founded the "Euclid Company", which was the predecessor of Terex. In 1996, Terex sold the forklift manufacturer Clark Material Handling to refinance debt and acquire some profitable companies. This move enabled Terex to tide over the difficulties steadily. Terex acquired Genie in 2002 and developed the Chinese market in 2010. In August 2011, Terex completed the acquisition of 82% of Demag Industrial and Port Cranes, adding a new business to Terex Department, namely the Material Handling and Port Solutions Department. On January 4, 2017, Terex completed the divestiture of the material handling and port solutions business unit, and the business was sold to Finland Konecranes.
Gradall telescopic handler
5. American Gradall Company
The American Gradall Company is a factory that manufactures telescopic hydraulic excavators and aerial forklifts. It has a history of more than 60 years. Its stock is listed in New York and is a member of the American JLG Group. The equipment produced by Green Road has many unique features and is a pioneer in the field of hydraulic technology, and has the characteristics of flexibility, stability, durability, strong maneuverability, high accuracy, high efficiency, wide application range, and multiple uses in one machine. It is mainly suitable for the construction of dams and canals and the dredging of rivers and lakes, the construction and maintenance of highways, the construction of tunnels, the laying of pipelines and cables, the construction of buildings and factories and the management of large open-air and indoor warehouses, etc. An agent established in China in 2006: China Pufa Machinery Industry Co., Ltd.
JLG Telescopic Handler 3707PS
6. JLG (JLG) Co., Ltd. (JLG Industries, Inc.)
JLG Industries, Inc. was established in 1969 and is a subsidiary of Oshkosh Corporation. Its products include aerial work platforms (personal upright, scissor, straight arm, crank arm), and telescopic boom Fork loader, trailer type lifting work platform, etc.
In 1999, JLG acquired Gradall (Gradall, USA). Gradall is a leading manufacturer of telescopic forklifts and added a telescopic material handler to the JLG product line. In 2002, JLG expanded its product line to add all-wheel steering telescopic handlers. In 2003, it acquired OmniQuip and became the leading manufacturer and seller of telescopic handlers in the United States. Its rated lifting capacity ranges from 6600 to 10,000 pounds and a large lifting height from 23 raised to 55 feet. The company includes all-terrain elevators produced by Lull and SkyTrak, and cooperates with the US military. In 2005, JLG and Caterpillar signed an agreement to cooperate in the production of telescopic handlers. In 2007, they launched the TH360B series of telescopic handlers. This series of products has a lifting weight of 3.5t-5t and a lifting height of 6.1m. —17m. In 2006, JLG of the United States sold its Gradall excavator product line to Alamo Group. This sale included the production equipment of JLG’s Gradall crawler and wheel excavators in New Philadelphia. And all intellectual property rights of Green Road products. In 2006, Oshkosh Truck Corporation (Oshkosh Group) acquired JLG Industries, Inc., and in 2008 JLG built a manufacturing plant in Tianjin, China. The JLG telehandler family is divided into JLG, SkyTrak® and Lull® telehandlers.
JLG has invested heavily in research and development, focusing on the diversification of product development, including the research and development of new products that improve and transform existing products. Especially during the large-scale acquisition of the company (2003-2006), the company’s R&D investment growth rate increased and remained above 20%. The expansion of ServicePlus, the acquisition of OmniQuip, the development of the next generation of telescopic forklifts, and other The product development plan is to conduct research and development for specific market segments.
7. Case Company of the United States
Case construction machinery has a glorious history of more than 170 years. In 1842, Case was established, and in 1969 Case purchased the production rights for skid steer loaders. In 1999, Case merged with New Holland to establish CNH, which sold a variety of world-leading brands of construction and agricultural machinery and equipment, and launched a series of new products, including C series wheel loaders, 60 series horizontal directional drilling rigs, and G Series of cross-country forklifts, 9007B excavators and 688G telescopic multi-function machines. In 2005, Case produced the 500,000th backhoe loader. Case exhibited 3 telescopic handlers TX742, TX842 and TX945 at the 2008 Concrete World Exhibition.
Bobcat telescopic handler
8. Bobcat Company
It was established in North Dakota in 1947 and has long been rooted here. It is a manufacturer of North Dakota State University and has three production bases. The global Bobcat manufacturing company is located in France, Czech Republic, and China. Bobcat Company is a subsidiary of Doosan Bobcat Co., Ltd. and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Doosan Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.
In 1960, Bobcat produced a skid steer loader. In 1989, Bobcat became a manufacturer of small excavators in North America. In 2001, Bobcat's A220 was a device in the industry that integrated all-wheel control (AWS) and sliding operation, which can be selected through a touch screen. In 2002, Bobcat was a company that sold 50,000 mini excavators in North America. In 2014, Bobcat became a company with a sales volume of 1,000,000 loaders.
In 1986, Bobcat announced plans to enter the small hydraulic excavator market. In 1999, customers needed to provide more options for different excavation conditions, so Bobcat began to provide long arms and telescopic arms. Lynx has always been a leader in the research and development, production and sales of compact equipment. Its equipment is widely used in industries such as construction, leasing, landscaping, agriculture, site maintenance, government, public utilities, industry, and mining. .
Haulotte telescopic forklift
9. Haulotte Group, France
French Haulotte Group was founded in 1881. It mainly produces and sells Haulotte, a world-class brand of manned aerial operations and cargo aerial transportation equipment, and provides comprehensive after-sales services. The main models range from 6 meters to 43 meters. Aerial work platforms, cranes and construction excavation and loading equipment. As a European top manufacturer, Haulotte is one of the world's three largest brands. Haulotte Group is one of the SBF120 listed companies in Paris, France. Its sales and after-sales services are spread all over the world.
Haulotte also designed a series of telescopic forklift trucks with specific requirements: dexterous forklift trucks, high-altitude forklift trucks (up to 17 meters), heavy-duty forklift trucks (up to 7.2 tons).
Ou Lisheng's HTL4014 was unveiled at the 2016 Shanghai Bauma Exhibition. In the same year, Chongqing Best Machinery Co., Ltd. added Oulisheng's HTL4014 to their rental equipment ranks. This was the first Oulisheng telescopic forklift to enter the Chinese construction market.
AUSA Telescopic Forklift
10. Spain Osa (AUSA) Company
Founded in Manresa (Barcelona) in 1956, AUSA is the world's largest manufacturer of dump trucks with a load of less than 9 tons, internal combustion off-road forklifts with a load of less than 3.5 tons, and 1m3 concrete mixer trucks. As a leader in this industry, its annual turnover exceeds 100 million Euros. AUSA is a global company headquartered in Barcelona, Spain. This is also the company’s main production department (plant area of 23,000 square meters); at the same time there are many branches and offices around the world, located in Coslada (Madrid), Perpignan (France), Rochdale (UK), Meerbusch (Germany), Beijing (China) and Coral Gables (Florida, USA). The AUSA office in Beijing, China was established in 2007, and then in 2010, AUSA cancelled the AUSA office in Beijing, China.
Faresin telescopic handler
11. Faresin Group, Italy
The Faresin Group is composed of a series of independent companies that cooperate with each other. The areas of these companies are complementary in order to play an effective integration role. Generally speaking, its production area is operated independently, and is coordinated and strategically managed by Faresinspa Holding Company, the group leader.
Among them, Faresin Industrial Company mainly produces agricultural machinery and telescopic arms for animal husbandry. Its main history is as follows:
In 2001, a line of Faresin telescopic boom lifts was put into production. In 2002, Faresin signed a cooperation agreement with Frenchmultinational to establish Faresin Haulotte. Faresin telescopic boom lifts were exported to the world, and the revolutionary motorized mixing truck-"Leader" came out.
In June 2006, through the acquisition of 40% of Haulotte's shares, Faresin Group became its owner and was renamed Faresin Handling. In 2007, the new Roto telescopic boom lift and the small model 6.25 were produced. In 2008, it was officially named Faresin Industrial, and its international "pocket size" was displayed in the world.
5. The status quo of telescopic handlers in China
In 1989, the telescopic forklift truck jointly designed and produced by Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory and Tongji University was a telescopic forklift truck in my country. According to Mr. Wu Xuexi, the person in charge of Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Co., Ltd. The story of a telescopic forklift: In that year, a Chinese company imported a telescopic forklift from a famous American construction machinery manufacturer, but it failed later because the manufacturer did not have an after-sales service organization and timely supply of spare parts in China. , Resulting in the equipment being idle for many years, Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory exchanged the equipment with a new loader produced by it, and jointly designed and produced a telescopic forklift in China with Shanghai Tongji University.
At present, domestic telescopic forklift truck companies that are active in the country include XCMG Group and South China Heavy Industry. Some companies have been acquired or withdrawn from the forklift market or due to other reasons, and no longer produce telescopic forklifts.
Xiamen Jiafeng Telescopic Forklift
1. Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory
In 1989, Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory and Tongji University jointly designed and produced a telescopic forklift truck, but the development of the telescopic forklift truck was restricted due to product technology, price and market acceptance.
In 2007, Xiamen Jiafeng participated in the Guangzhou Forklift Show for the first time, and exhibited the telescopic forklift for the first time at the 2007 CONEXPO Asia Construction Machinery Expo. In the same year, Xiamen Jiafeng SCZ25-4 telescopic forklift became the designated product of Ordnance of the General Armament Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. At the same time, SCZ25-4 was also exported to South America and Africa in batches.
In 2010, the founder passed away unfortunately. In 2012, Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory was acquired by South China Heavy Industries.
2. Sichuan Changjiang Crane Factory
In 1970, in order to meet the needs of national defense construction, Changjiang Crane Factory took the initiative to develop a 16-ton full hydraulic truck crane. The whole plant was prepared for 100 days. In June of the same year, it designed and developed 2 Q2-16 full hydraulic trucks by itself. crane.
In 2000, Sichuan Changjiang Crane Factory cooperated with the General Logistics Institute of Construction Engineering to develop two telescopic boom forklift trucks based on imported American technology. They were successfully trial-produced before October 2000, but they were mainly used for military use. field. Technically, the overall performance of the telescopic forklift has reached a certain level.
In May 2003, Sichuan Changjiang Crane Co., Ltd. passed the reform and restructuring and became Sichuan Changjiang Engineering Crane Co., Ltd. In 2006, Sichuan Changjiang and Terex Corporation (TEREX) joint venture.
XCMG XC6-3007K Telescopic Forklift Truck
3. Xugong Group
The predecessor of XCMG Group was Xuzhou Construction Machinery Manufactory, which was founded in 1948. Since its establishment, it has been a leader in China's construction machinery industry. At the Shanghai BAUMA exhibition in December 2007, XCMG exhibited telescopic handlers. In 2010, XT680-170 telescopic handlers passed the EU CE certification. In 2012, XCMG telescopic handlers were exported to overseas markets in batches, 2013 XCMG's telescopic fork loader realized leasing and opened the domestic leasing market for the first time.
Sunward Intelligent Three-section Boom Telescopic Forklift
4. Sunward Intelligence
Sunward Intelligent was founded in 1999. The founder is a professor of Central South University and a doctoral supervisor Mr. He Qinghua. He intervened in the forklift industry in 2006. At the 2007 CONEXPO Asian Construction Machinery Expo, Sunward Intelligent secondly trial-produced its successful high-tech The three-section telescopic boom forklift was exhibited and officially entered the field of telescopic boom forklifts.
5. Shandong Binzhou Shengli Special Forklift Factory
Shandong Binzhou Shengli Special Forklift Factory produced a telescopic forklift (STC-30) in 2007 and applied for an appearance patent in February 2008.
Xiamen Sanjiale Telescopic Forklift
6. Sanjiale Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.
At the 2007 CONEXPO Asia Construction Machinery Expo, Sanjiale demonstrated a telescopic forklift.
Zhanyang Power Heavy Industry High-speed Telescopic Forklift
7. Zhanyang Power Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.
The predecessor of Zhanyang Power Heavy Industry Company was Guiyang Mining Machinery Factory. It was founded in 1936 and developed a high-speed telescopic forklift in 2010. This forklift is the continuation and development of traditional forklifts. Its advantage is The telescopic boom structure is organically combined with the functions of traditional forklifts. It has the characteristics of high speed, excellent maneuverability, flexible operation and strong site adaptability.
8. China National Machinery Heavy Industry (Luoyang) Co., Ltd.
China National Machinery Heavy Industry (Luoyang) Co., Ltd. (renamed from the original Yituo (Luoyang) Construction Machinery Sales Co., Ltd. in 2011), the LTH3060 telescopic fork loader developed in 2012 was successfully developed and sent to Shandong users.
South China Heavy Industry Telescopic Forklift Truck
9. South China Heavy Industry
In 2012, South China Heavy Industries acquired Xiamen Jiafeng Machinery Factory. In June 2016, the performance test of the HNTR4015 rotary telescopic arm fork-mounted model of the 360° rotating multi-purpose vehicle of South China Heavy Industry was successfully completed. In October 2016, the first 11-ton HNBZ8512 telescopic arm slag raking fork model test was completed. Delivery to users smoothly.
On June 7, 2017, a 11-ton HNBZ8512 telescopic boom slag-skimming forklift with tracked side shift of South China Heavy Industry was successfully delivered to the user. In the same year, in the ChinaGT China Supercar Championship, the 360°rotating telescopic forklift of South China Heavy Industries was able to quickly rescue the championship. In 2017, the telescopic forklift of South China Heavy Industries was exported to overseas markets.
10. Sany Group
Sany Group was formally founded in Lianyuan, Hunan in 1989. On July 3, 2003, Sany Heavy Industries was listed on the A-share market. In March 2014, Sany's SCPS320 heavy-duty telescopic forklift rolled off the assembly line, with a maximum lifting capacity of 32 tons. The large lifting height can reach 6.2 meters, which can stack a full-load 20-foot container in three layers.
Sixth, the reason why telescopic forklift trucks are difficult to popularize in China
1. my country's telescopic forklift truck started late, and there is a gap with foreign countries in overall performance and function.
Although domestic telescopic forklifts have gone through more than two decades of development, they are still in their infancy. There is a certain gap between the basic performance parameters and foreign countries. It is also because the domestic model is single, not in series, and the range of options is small. Domestic telescopic forklifts With fewer attachments, it only realizes the basic functions of a telescopic forklift with multiple functions. When I participated in the Manitou Product (Guangzhou) Exhibition in March 2010, the Manitou telescopic forklift can quickly change the fork into a bucket and turn the forklift into a loader. It can also hold forks, manned platforms, Leveling devices, farm work lifting devices, etc., and the replacement of various devices is very convenient. Bobcat's telescopic forklift can be equipped with more than 20 kinds of attachments such as soil drills, handling forks, buckets, bevel cleaners, planters, and lawn mowers.
2. Technology is the bottleneck, and talent training is the key
In the application of advanced technology, large foreign manufacturers of telescopic forklifts have vigorously developed and adopted new technologies, new structures and super-functional systems in order to improve the operating efficiency of telescopic forks. The telescopic forklifts also have a dual drive system and reversible drive operation function. Allowing the operator to rotate the seat, especially driving in the opposite direction in the forward state can still achieve the same operating effect, greatly expanding the driver's working range. The key technologies of foreign telescopic forklifts have greatly improved the reliability of the use of telescopic forklifts and reduced the workload of the driver. However, these technologies are not well mastered by domestic enterprises and are rarely used in their production equipment. Of course, XCMG's AC control and ICVD continuously variable transmission effectively solve the walking system solution of telescopic forklifts, and realize the true continuously variable transmission. This is also the progress of domestic telescopic forklifts, but from the perspective of the entire industry, talents The reserve and training work needs to be further improved.
3. The price of imported products is relatively high, and the market acceptance is not enough
my country's telescopic forklift trucks were originally developed and produced as military products. There are basically few applications in the civilian field. In the past two years, the products of a few companies in the market have been used in logistics, agriculture and other fields. Therefore, most of the telescopic forklift truck products appearing and sold in the domestic market are imported brands. Imported products can easily meet the needs of customers in terms of performance and technology, but the price is often relatively expensive, and the price has become a constraint on telescopic forklift trucks. One of the important reasons for the development of cars in China.
4. Insufficient market development and loss of a large number of potential customers
Market demand is a key factor determining the development of the industry. The recognition of telescopic handlers in my country is not very high. The main reason for this situation is that the market environment suitable for the survival of telescopic handlers needs to be further improved. Telescopic forklift trucks are products in subdivisions. At present, before the technology and production capacity reach a certain level, their prices are relatively expensive. In the case of limited consumption capacity in the domestic market, the initial market development requires more manpower, material resources, and In terms of financial resources and time, although some companies are optimistic about the telehandler market, they are reluctant to become testers for initial market development, which leads to the situation that the overall market development of the telehandler industry is insufficient.
Seven, the breakthrough point of telehandlers in China
1. Intensify research and development efforts, enhance independent innovation capabilities, and continuously improve the technology and quality of telescopic forklift trucks.
The combination of production, learning, and research is an important direction for independent innovation of an enterprise, as well as a requirement for its own development. The two telescopic forklift trucks produced in 2000 are the result of the cooperation between the Sichuan Changjiang Crane Factory and the General Logistics Institute of Construction Engineering. Can companies consider using their advantages through joint research institutes and universities? Form a new optimized combination of knowledge capital and production factors, actively organize multi-party cooperation and joint research, so that products suitable for market demand can be developed, and the technology and quality of telescopic forklifts can be improved and the company's technical development can be saved. expenditure.
2. Pay attention to the serialization of telescopic forklift trucks and the versatility of body parts
After decades of development in foreign telehandlers, large manufacturers have formed serialized and specialized products, including reprinting and transporting products for small workplaces and general-weight goods, as well as large lifting weights of up to 13 meters. The 40-ton Manitou MHT-X13400, the research and development of foreign construction machinery, not only pays attention to the multi-function of a machine, but also pays attention to the standard inter-matching of body parts to promote the research and development progress of other machinery, save research and development costs, and enhance construction machinery The maintainability, if different equipment can also be realized in China, if the same parts and components can be used, the development and use of telescopic forklift trucks and related products can be promoted to the greatest extent. Use the components and systems of existing products that have been tested and tested to promote telescopic forklifts. For example, consider research and development based on lifting platforms and excavators to develop suitable telescopic forklifts.
3. Change the consumer's mindset
Change consumers' perceptions of prices, advocate rational purchase, rationally analyze the practicability of products, analyze the production needs, financial status, and application scenarios of the company, and analyze the performance that the product can provide and its price level. In contrast, among products at the same price, products that have both performance and price advantages are cost-effective products. In addition, consider the principles of practicality and suitability for enterprises. There is actually a large amount of demand for telescopic forklifts in different domestic industries. For example, some small coal, sand, gravel, feed and other bulk material storage and transportation related companies generally use small and medium sized loaders for material handling and accumulation. Material handling solutions. There are also some common unconventional special loading and unloading and handling operations, such as the following bulk operations in non-fixed places: loading and unloading of non-tilting materials such as open or filled liquid containers, "under the abdomen" small clearance installation engineering, and high-temperature materials Loading and unloading, etc., have always required the use of specific supporting equipment and operating techniques. Compared with the previous material handling solutions using telescopic forklifts, it is of course to choose a solution that can achieve high efficiency and low cost.
Change the consumer's notion of not paying attention to safety, and focus more on the safety of people, things, and equipment. As we mentioned earlier, the use of two forklifts to take risks, using one telescopic forklift can easily solve the problem of handling.
As long as consumers' ideas change, market development will become easier and easier.
4. Green design is the future development direction of telescopic handlers
Environmental pollution and resource shortage have become global problems. Construction machinery is also closely related to environmental protection in the production and use process. The appearance design of the telescopic forklift truck should follow the principles of practicality, economy and beauty, fully embody the harmony of function, form, and color, and the coordination with the working environment, pay attention to the choice of materials and craftsmanship, and obtain a good appearance quality. Green design also includes the control of exhaust gas emissions, research and development of clean energy, and so on.
5. Research on ergonomics
Telehandlers generally work in the field. How to improve the comfort of the working environment, pay attention to the layout of the cab and the comfort of operation, such as the use of an integral pneumatic suspension cab to eliminate the fatigue of the driver.
8. Standards for telescopic forklift trucks
In foreign countries, the American telehandler standard is "RoughTerrain Fork Lifts (ANSI B 56.6)", the Australian telehandler standard is AS1418-19forTelehandlers, and the European telehandler standard is "Safety of industrial trucks-Self- propelled variablereachtrucks (EN 1459)". If there is any update, you are welcome to provide it to us.
The previous domestic standard was the "Specifications for Telescopic Handlers" (GJB4555-2003), which was promulgated by the General Logistics Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army on December 3, 2003. This specification specifies the requirements for telescopic boom forklifts, which are applicable to OCS2002-3 telescopic boom forklifts. The requirements mainly include basic parameters, product quality and technical requirements, forklift dynamic performance, stability, operational reliability, and reliable driving. Sex, noise, etc.
At present, China's national standards for telescopic forklifts are: GB/T26949.11-2016 Industrial Vehicle Stability Verification Part 11: Telescopic Arm Forklifts and GB/T26949.14-2016 Industrial Vehicle Stability Verification Part 14: Off-road Type Two telescopic forklifts are issued by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China and the National Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China, and are issued by Hangcha Group Co., Ltd., Beijing Lifting and Conveying Machinery Design and Research Institute, and National Lifting and Conveying Machinery Quality Supervision and Inspection Center Drafted and implemented on May 1, 2017. This part of GB/T26949 specifies the test method for verifying the stability of off-road telescopic forklifts equipped with forks, with or without load handling attachments. This part is not applicable For vehicles designed to move freight containers, lift personnel or suspend goods.
Nine, the market prospects of telescopic forklift trucks
With the rapid development of my country’s logistics and installation industries following the international trend, the market for high-lift, large unloading distance loading machinery is increasingly urgent. Because the telescopic forklift has a large operating range and large-stroke extension function, its application range It is also becoming more and more widespread. The popular use of vans, the current operating range of conventional loaders and forklifts do not meet the actual operating requirements, and some unconventional special operations, such as partition wall loading and unloading, cross-ditch operations, etc. For container packing, digging, and stacking operations, for example, the use of telescopic forklifts can shorten the operation cycle and realize high-efficiency and low-cost operations.